Featured image of post A Brief Guide to Biomedical Ethics - Part 20

A Brief Guide to Biomedical Ethics - Part 20

A brief review of the basic concepts of Biomedical Ethics. The following concepts will be discussed in this part:

Embryo status or Embryo Rights

(from the Greek embryo) The bioethical solution depends on society’s attitude toward the rights of the Living and the two different states of the fetus: a state that has no “human” content, and a state that already recognizes this content. At the heart of the prohibition on the use of the embryo or its tissues for biomedical research is the opposition between the hypothetical benefit to humanity and the real rights of the individual embryo. Embryo status advocates, referring to the sanctity and inviolability of human life from the moment of conception, argue that the fetus has all the rights inherent to human beings, so by taking the life of an embryo we kill what can become a person - a “conservative position”. Denial of Embryo status is the “liberal position,” which denies the fetus any independent status, even in the later stages of pregnancy, and leaves the fate of the embryo to the mother or the medical profession. The “moderate position” is based on the viewpoint of modern biology and embryology, according to which the human being as a biological individual is formed immediately after the fusion of parental germ cells, when a unique set of genes is formed, and requires responsible decision-making.

Embryonic stem cell (ESC)

This is use ethical issues. ESCs are cells isolated from early embryos that can independently exist in an undifferentiated state, retaining the ability to differentiate into any tissue, making them potential tissue suppliers for transplantation and treatment of many diseases. The main ethical problem is that ESCs are derived from embryos cultured in vitro for artificial insemination, while the use of human embryos for biotechnology is unacceptable from a bioethical point of view and forbidden in most countries. Advocates of the use of ESCs cite the fact that research is conducted on “doomed” embryos from which human life will never arise (“superfluous” embryos from artificial insemination or those resulting from abortions).

Emotional contact

The unity and consonance of a person’s feelings with the experiences of other people. Emotional contact between the doctor, the patient and his/her relatives is a bilateral relationship based on the principle of partnership of understanding and acceptance of each of them as individuals. The objective basis of such contact is the psychological mechanisms of contagion and imitation, as a result of which a high level of identification and identification of oneself with another person is achieved, the ability to share one’s experiences with him or her, as a result of which a person experiences a psychological relief. Emotional contact is formed through the patient’s awareness of the doctor’s level of professionalism. The higher the professional level of the doctor, the more hope and trust he or she inspires in the patient.


This is the ability to respond emotionally to the experiences of another, which patients need in relation to themselves on the part of medical workers. Empathy manifests itself in empathy and compassion. Listening to the patient carefully and empathizing with him, the doctor and the nurse give him the opportunity to express himself and thereby alleviate his state of mind. Complacency is the highest level of empathy that requires a great deal of dedication to “take the patient’s pain upon yourself” and help him with his actions. Empathic experiences can be adequate and inadequate and their character is determined not only by the quality of experience (the subject), but also to a large extent by the structure of the individual’s personality.

Last updated on Dec 14, 2021 23:52 UTC
Victor Sanikovich - Data Science Engineer / Environmental Scientist / Full Stack Developer / DevSecOps / Blockchain Developer